Social Exclusion


Individuals’ lives can be affected by social exclusion, this affects their quality of life also affecting the cohesion and equity of the society (Walker, 2013). “Social exclusion is a process, which causes individuals or groups, who are geographically resident in a society, not to participate in the normal activities of citizens in that society” (Scottish Executive, 2001).  Research has shown that ethnic minority groups have varied reasons for their high levels of inactivity, statistically it was shown that ethnic minorities have lower incomes and higher unemployment rates even though they have the same qualifications as white people (Burchardt, Grand & Piachaud, 2002). Experiences in education can also make a significant contribution to exclusion, it has been shown that exclusion in education is a fundamental factor explaining inequality gaps in society, statistics showed that black minority groups were more likely to be permanently excluded from school compared to any other social group (National Statistics, 2008). Social exclusion for BMEs is present in schools where students experience racist and discriminatory practices which leads to students feeling isolated and victimised which makes higher education less attractive option to continue, this can lead to social exclusion in sporting groups also as they believe they will be excluded from sports outside of school causing them to exclude themselves from society overall (Parekh, 2000). Sporting equals set out a project to promote social inclusion in BME communities, this was used to get an understanding of the reason why social exclusion is present. Furthermore, the EMBRACE project is also used to promote inclusion, West Bromwich Albion (WBA) player James Morrison carries out equality work in local schools to learn more about different cultures and want to engage the young people through education and sports programmes to come involved in football. Mark Jenkins the former chief executive of WBA, stated “we as a club have a rich history of being at the forefront of promoting equality and inclusion” (Sporting Equals, 2015). By promoting social inclusion through sporting means it can create unity between different races and increase participation in sport overall.





Burchardt, T., Grand, J, L., & Piachaud, D. (2002). Understanding social exclusion. Retrieved from on 5th March 2017.

National Statistics. (2008). National Statistics. School Census: Ethnicity Estimates Office for National Statistics. London: Runnymede Trust. 

Parekh, B. (2000). The Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain. The Parekh Report. (2nd Ed). London: Profile Books Ltd.

Scottish Executive (2000). The Role of Transport on Social Exclusion in Urban Scotland. Literature Review. Retrieved from  on 5th March 2017.

Sporting Equals. (2015). Increasing Participation. Retrieved from on 24th February.

Walker, F, G. (2013). An Exploration of White and BME Women’s Experiences as Leaders in the Further Education Sector. Further Education Women. Retrieved from on 5th March 2017.


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